If the contents of a body cavity, including muscles and tissues, protrude out of the membranes that confine them, it leads to a hernia. Naturally asymptomatic, they don’t produce symptoms and can go unnoticed except for slight to severe pain experienced by the patient. The standard treatment for a hernia is surgery, as it does not go away on its own or through any medication. Laparoscopic hernia surgery, which removes the hernia, comes with associated risks. Max Hospital India has a panel of hernia specialists to treat this condition in the patient.
- More about hernia:
Weakened abdominal muscles often produce tears through which the fatty tissues or the organs like the intestines protrude outside. It can occur in various places in the body, frequently recurring in the groin, abdominal region, and the chest cavity. Such a situation could be present from birth or develop later. To avoid complications and infections, the patient should consult a hernia surgery specialist and get the hernia removed.
- Types of hernia treated at Hospitals in India:
There are four types of hernia, according to the hernia specialist doctor. These are:
This type of hernia is common among males, and occurs in the lower abdomen, scrotum, and groin. When the fatty tissue or parts of the bowel bulge from the inguinal canal in the lower abdomen, it’s called an inguinal hernia.
- Directly Inguinal Hernia
These hernias are bilateral and affect the elderly with severe conditions that increase their intra-abdominal pressure, like cough and chronic constipation.
- Indirect Inguinal Hernia
This hernia usually occurs in a male’s scrotum or at the opening of a female’s vagina. More common in males, this hernia may appear at birth or develop afterward.
More common in females, this hernia is a result of pregnancy. Prone to complications, this type of hernia needs to be removed by a hernia specialist doctor to ensure health.
This type of hernia occurs in infants whose intestine protrudes through their navel. This condition may get resolved in 3-4 years. However, the area of weakness might persist throughout life. It must be treated by a hernia specialist doctor to avoid this.
Any hernia occurring on the ventral side of the body is a ventral Hernia:
- Incisional hernia: A remnant of a scar left from a previous surgical procedure
- Periumbilical hernia: This occurs around the belly button area
- Epigastric hernia: This appears above the belly button area.
- Symptoms of hernia diagnosed at Hospitals
Hernia Surgery specialists at hospitals acknowledge that each hernia differs. The amount of pain, feeling of rupture, and difference in the body’s sex affect the development and treatment of hernia. Other more specific symptoms include:
- Prominent bulge or protrusion
- The bulge may be affected by standing, coughing, and sneezing
- Experiencing pain upon lifting weights
- Fullness, aching sensation, constipation, and nausea
- Hernia specialist doctors can diagnose an abdominal hernia through a physical test.
- Treatment options for hernia
Due to its occurrence and permanent nature, a hernia should only be removed through surgery. When left untreated, the hernia can develop conditions like intestinal obstruction and strangulation, requiring immediate medical attention. The surgery to treat a hernia is called Laparoscopic surgery. A Laparoscopic surgeon uses a Laparoscope to rest a mesh on the weak area through a precise incision. However, this surgery carries a high risk of infection and bleeding. The risk can increase through smoking, drinking, and drugs. One way to safeguard a risk-free hernia surgery is to consult hernia surgery specialists for diagnosis and treatment.
- Why is Laparoscopic surgery advantageous?
- Less pain and early recovery
- Treats recurrent hernias effectively
- Cosmetic benefits of tiny incisions and minimal pain post-surgery
- Instructions given by hernia surgery specialists
- The patient should undergo necessary tests and follow the doctor’s instructions for taking medicine.
- The patient should strictly follow the doctor’s instructions about diet and medications.
- Observation for a few hours.
- The patient should only have liquid food within one day of the operation
- Patients are granted a discharge on the very day of their surgery for an Inguinal Hernia.
- Adherence to food instructions and medication charts provided by the hernia surgery specialist is paramount for adequate recovery.
- The expertise of Indian Hospitals in treating hernia
While hernia doesn’t produce any symptoms, it can lead to complications that can prove fatal if left untreated. A hernia in the intestine develops a blockage and doesn’t allow stool and flatus to pass. Blood supply also gets cut off, increasing the danger to the intestinal loop. To avoid this, one should heed the symptoms of a hernia and get them diagnosed by consulting a specialist for hernia surgery, who can provide comprehensive and effective treatment.