PVC, known as polyvinyl chloride, is a chlorinated hydrocarbon polymer. PVC is the most widely used polymer worldwide. It is usually rigid; however, it becomes malleable and strong if combined with plasticisers.
Uses of PVC Pipes
- The water supply industry uses PVC pipes. Sanitary sewage networks and large-scale irrigation networks also require PVC pipes.
- PVC pipes are used in plumbing, drainage, agricultural irrigation, power and telecommunications networks, and ducting for heating and cooling systems in both home and commercial sectors.
- PVC is also used as garden pipes because its UV protective coating and stabilising agents offer extended durability and longevity.
- Agricultural irrigation also requires the use of PVC water supply pipes. Compared to open channel systems, it often saves 30-50 per cent of the water. It can also help avoid soil salinisation, swamping, and winter flooding. Because most of the PVC water pipe network is underground, the land utilisation rate is high.
- Pipes for gardening are primarily available in PVC plastic. Garden hose pipes were manufactured using rubber hoses; however, they became obsolete by introducing lightweight, inexpensive, and colourful PVC gardening pipes.
- The PVC pipeline water distribution system is adaptable, convenient, quick to regulate and automate, and ideal for various terrains and soils. Furthermore, the water supply speed is rapid, the irrigation efficiency is excellent, and the maintenance is simple.
- PVC pipe fittings such as bends, branches, valves, brackets, and clips have many applications in pipelines and construction. One can use them to upgrade older pipeline systems that might have deteriorated with age. The fundamental problem of pipeline networks is the integrity of their junctions. To strengthen connection points, PVC pipes prevent the entire network from having to be rebuilt.
Benefits of PVC Pipes
- PVC has a low amount of friction with moving liquids due to its smooth surface compared to metal and concrete. As a result, it is a desirable material for pipes used as water supply conduits. Pipe clogs are a big worry in every pipeline system, an expensive and intricate problem that may cause immeasurable damage and hours of repairs. Slow-moving water increases the possibility of bottlenecks and breakdowns in a system with many connections. Compared to a copper, clay, or concrete pipe, the extraordinarily smooth lining of PVC pipe minimises water flow resistance and guarantees that water reaches its intended destination with optimum pressure.
- It is cost-effective because it is produced in large quantities using a low-cost technique. It is easy to mould into various shapes and sizes, making it a versatile material with several applications.
- Their excellent resistance to heat and corrosion are the primary reasons for their widespread use. PVC’s inertness, or resistance to chemical interactions with other compounds, is a valuable chemical feature. This makes it safe to transfer drinking water and water used in homes.
- It is tough and long-lasting and can withstand a lot of pressure. This makes it a good material for underground pipes and pipelines, which can carry pressured fluids.
- When put underground, PVC can survive around a hundred years. This makes it a low-maintenance and preferred material for large pipeline networks. Moreover, PVC pipes are simple to install and maintain. Compared to traditional materials, its failure or break rate is incredibly low.
- PVC contains less carbon and thus emits fewer hazardous pollutants during manufacturing. They are safe to recycle and reuse for different applications, whether from building trash salvaging and repurposing or industrial waste recycling.
- Using recycled PVC helps satisfy resource-efficiency goals while also preserving natural resources and creating jobs in recycling plants.
The application of PVC pipes range widely from flooring, furniture, electrical insulation, and substitute for rubber; however, its most common utilisation is in the production of pipes used in water supply, irrigation and plumbing. For over 80 years, various commercial activities have required using PVC pipes.