Both spouses may be tested for disorders that contribute to infertility in couples who have difficulties conceiving despite their trying for over a year. Men and women are assessed differently when it comes to infertility. First, the health care professional will ask a series of questions regarding a patient’s medical history in order to identify probable reasons of infertility.
A variety of diagnostic tests will be prescribed for the pair based on their replies. Here, we’ll go through some of the most common tests for determining male infertility.
Observing a person’s overall health
The doctor will inquire about any genital injuries that have occurred recently or in the past. The doctor will do a physical exam to look for any signs of an enlarged prostate, a hernia, or any other abnormal growths. The male will be extensively examined by a health care professional, and any visible genital abnormalities will be noted.
The next round of diagnostic tests will be indicated if the patient has no obvious symptoms.
Analyzing the Semen
It’s possible for male infertility to occur if an egg is fertilized by an insufficient number of viable, well-shaped and swimming sperm. A sample of the male’s semen will be taken via ejaculation into a particular container to see whether any of these problems are present.
The sperm count, health, shape, and motility of this specimen sample will be analyzed in a laboratory.
The morphology of the sperm will be examined for any abnormalities, as well as for any indications of other health issues or infections. A sample’s sperm count may vary from one test to the next. As a consequence, several samples may be gathered throughout time in order to achieve reliable results.
Pituitary, hypothalamus, and testicles all create hormones that are critical to sexual development and sperm generation. Infertility may also be caused by abnormalities in other hormonal or organ systems. A blood test, on the other hand, may detect low levels of testosterone and other hormones associated with infertility in men.
If your sperm count is exceptionally low, there may be a hereditary reason for the problem. The Y chromosome, however, may be tested with a blood test to see whether there are any alterations that might cause male infertility. Numerous congenital or hereditary disorders may be accurately diagnosed by genetic testing.
Ultrasound of the Scrotum:
The scrotum is examined by using an ultrasound test to see whether the testicles are obstructed. Other disorders in the reproductive system, such as varicocele, may also be detected with this test.
The presence of some sperm in the urine shows that sperms are entering the bladder rather than exiting the bladder. That way, you can tell for sure whether or not the sufferer has retrograde ejaculation.
Performing testing on samples taken from the testicles is known as a “testicular biopsy.” Problems in sperm production may be discovered with this method. When trying to figure out whether someone is having trouble becoming pregnant, this test is seldom performed.
A variety of testing and even modest surgery may be used to address issues with infertility. To receive the correct information and therapy for infertility that is caused by genetic disorders, it is vital to seek the opinion of an expert.
Diseases of the Sperm
Sperm production and growth are the most prevalent causes of infertility.
- not completely develop or move in the correct manner
- may only be produced in small batches (oligospermia)
- Low count in the first place (azoospermia)
Sperm issues may be caused by genetic predispositions. Lifestyle decisions might reduce sperm count. Smoking, consuming alcohol, and taking certain drugs may all reduce sperm count. If you are worried even after trying all the remedies we would suggest you to visit our Fertility Center in Patna named as Diwya Vatsalya Mamta Fertility Centre with the finest male fertility doctors.